Hexenszene (Witches Scene) by David Teniers the Younger, Flemish, 1610-1690. This painting is in the German Historical Museum in Berlin, Germany. David is the more celebrated son of David Teniers the Elder.
Whoever would have thought broom riding lessons were required? That looks like what is going on in the background to the right.
Also, it is difficult to think of a witchcraft image that is not included here, but the question becomes “where is the cat?”