The Execution of Doge Marino Faliero of Venice, 1825-26, oil on canvas by Eugene Delacroix, French, 1789-1863.
Faliero, who was a chief magistrate of Venice, attempted a coup d’etat in 1355 to take power away from the ruling aristocrats. Faliero’s attempt failed. He pleaded guilty to the charges, was beheaded and his body mutilated. Delacroix captures the moment after the beheading.
Faliero’s story was told by Lord Byron in a verse play and in an opera by Donizetti. Both writers took the point of view that Faliero was defending the honor of his wife, who had been insulted by the aristocrats.